Critical Care Nursing

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Training on Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses Toward Pain Management: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Ali Kamali 1 and Fatemeh Mashayekhi 2 , *
Authors Information
1 Faculty of Medicine, Jiroft University of Medical Science, Jiroft, Iran
2 Critical Care Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Jiroft University of Medical Science, Jiroft, Iran
Article information
  • Critical Care Nursing: 11 (3); e86816
  • Published Online: February 12, 2019
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: November 26, 2018
  • Revised: February 6, 2019
  • Accepted: February 6, 2019
  • DOI: 10.5812/ccn.86816

To Cite: Kamali A, Mashayekhi F. Effect of Training on Knowledge and Attitude of Nurses Toward Pain Management: A Quasi-Experimental Study, Crit Care Nurs J. Online ahead of Print ; 11(3):e86816. doi: 10.5812/ccn.86816.

Copyright © 2019, Critical Care Nursing. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Chung JW, Lui JC. Postoperative pain management: Study of patients' level of pain and satisfaction with health care providers' responsiveness to their reports of pain. Nurs Health Sci. 2003;5(1):13-21. [PubMed: 12603717].
  • 2. Strong J, Unruh AM, Wright A, Baxter GD, Wall PD. Pain: A textbook for therapists. Churchill Livingstone; 2002.
  • 3. Porter LS, Keefe FJ. Psychosocial issues in cancer pain. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2011;15(4):263-70. doi: 10.1007/s11916-011-0190-6. [PubMed: 21400251].
  • 4. Fishman SM, Young HM, Lucas Arwood E, Chou R, Herr K, Murinson BB, et al. Core competencies for pain management: Results of an interprofessional consensus summit. Pain Med. 2013;14(7):971-81. doi: 10.1111/pme.12107. [PubMed: 23577878]. [PubMed Central: PMC3752937].
  • 5. Eghbali M, Kardan R, Abazari P. Patients' viewpoints concerning post-surgical pain management. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2010;11(2).
  • 6. Perry AG, Potter PA, Ostendorf W. Clinical nursing skills and techniques - E-Book. Elsevier Health Sciences; 2013.
  • 7. Neumann M. Knowledge and attitudes of orthopedic nurses regarding pain management. Liberty University; 2017.
  • 8. Knight KH, Brand FM, McHaourab AS, Veneziano G. Implantable intrathecal pumps for chronic pain: Highlights and updates. Croat Med J. 2007;48(1):22-34. [PubMed: 17309136]. [PubMed Central: PMC2080496].
  • 9. The Joint Commission. Joint commission statement on pain management. 2016. Available from:
  • 10. Apfelbaum JL, Chen C, Mehta SS, Gan TJ. Postoperative pain experience: Results from a national survey suggest postoperative pain continues to be undermanaged. Anesth Analg. 2003;97(2):534-40.
  • 11. Vickers N. Knowledge and attitudes regarding pain among surgical nurses in three teaching hospitals in Ireland. Dublin City University; 2011.
  • 12. Portney LG, Watkins MP. Foundations of clinical research: Applications to practice. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall; 2000.
  • 13. Mamishi N, Behroozishad F, Mohagheghi MA, Eftekhar Z, Shahabi Z. [The study of nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding cancer pain management]. J Hayat. 2006;12(2):23-32. Persian.
  • 14. Aziato L, Adejumo O. The Ghanaian surgical nurse and postoperative pain management: A clinical ethnographic insight. Pain Manag Nurs. 2014;15(1):265-72. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.10.002. [PubMed: 23352730].
  • 15. Rejeh N, Ahmadi F, Mohammadi E, Kazemnejad A, Anoosheh M. Nurses' experiences and perceptions of influencing barriers to postoperative pain management. Scand J Caring Sci. 2009;23(2):274-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-6712.2008.00619.x. [PubMed: 19645804].
  • 16. Sawhney M, Sawyer J. A cross-sectional study of the role of Canadian nurses with a specialty practice in pain management. Acute Pain. 2008;10(3-4):151-6. doi: 10.1016/j.acpain.2008.09.002.
  • 17. McMillan SC, Tittle M, Hagan S, Laughlin J, Tabler RE. Knowledge and attitudes of nurses in veterans hospitals about pain management in patients with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum. 2000;27(9):1415-23. [PubMed: 11058973].
  • 18. Schreiber JA, Cantrell D, Moe KA, Hench J, McKinney E, Preston Lewis C, et al. Improving knowledge, assessment, and attitudes related to pain management: Evaluation of an intervention. Pain Manag Nurs. 2014;15(2):474-81. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.12.006. [PubMed: 23419934].
  • 19. Tufekci FG, Ozlu ZK, Arslan S, Gumus K. Knowledge and attitudes regarding pain management of oncology and non-oncology nurses in Turkey. Glob Adv Res J Nurs Midwifery. 2013;2(1):1-8.
  • 20. Rafati F, Soltaninejad M, Aflatoonian MR, Mashayekhi F. Postoperative pain: Management and documentation by Iranian nurses. Mater Sociomed. 2016;28(1):36-40. doi: 10.5455/msm.2016.28.36-40. [PubMed: 27047265]. [PubMed Central: PMC4789620].
  • 21. LaLande SA. A comparative study of knowledge of pain management in certified and non-certified oncology nurses. University of South Florida; 2010.
  • 22. Briggs E. The nursing management of pain in older people. Nurs Stand. 2003;17(18):47-53. quiz 54-5. doi: 10.7748/ns2003. [PubMed: 12599983].
  • 23. Al Qadire M, Al Khalaileh M. Jordanian nurses knowledge and attitude regarding pain management. Pain Manag Nurs. 2014;15(1):220-8. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.08.006. [PubMed: 24602438].
  • 24. Arab M, Shirzadi F, Sabzvari S, Jahani Y, Rostami M, Ebrahimi M, et al. Effects of training programs on knowledge and attitudes of nurses about postoperative pain. Der Pharmacia Lettre. 2016;8(4):108-11.
  • 25. Zhang CH, Hsu L, Zou BR, Li JF, Wang HY, Huang J. Effects of a pain education program on nurses' pain knowledge, attitudes and pain assessment practices in China. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2008;36(6):616-27. doi: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2007.12.020. [PubMed: 18599261].
  • 26. Aziato L, Adejumo O. Determinants of nurses' knowledge gap on pain management in Ghana. Nurse Educ Pract. 2014;14(2):195-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nepr.2013.08.004. [PubMed: 24011564].
  • 27. Al-Shaer D, Hill PD, Anderson MA. Nurses' knowledge and attitudes regarding pain assessment and intervention. Medsurg Nurs. 2011;20(1):7-11. [PubMed: 21446289].
  • 28. Nuseir K, Kassab M, Almomani B. Healthcare providers' knowledge and current practice of pain assessment and management: How much progress have we made? Pain Res Manag. 2016;2016:8432973. doi: 10.1155/2016/8432973. [PubMed: 27965524]. [PubMed Central: PMC5124689].
  • 29. Voshall B, Dunn KS, Shelestak D. Knowledge and attitudes of pain management among nursing faculty. Pain Manag Nurs. 2013;14(4):e226-35. doi: 10.1016/j.pmn.2012.02.001. [PubMed: 24315276].
  • 30. Yava A, Çicek H, Tosun N, Özcan C, Yildiz D, Dizer B. Knowledge and attitudes of nurses about pain management in Turkey. Int J Caring Sci. 2013;6(3).

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .
Readers' Comments