Investigating the effects of Benson’s relaxation technique on quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : April 10, 2015, 8 (1); e8602
January 30, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
August 31, 2016
February 12, 2014
H , Hadadian
F , Rezaie
M , Ahmadi
M , Khaledi Paveh
B . Investigating the effects of Benson’s relaxation technique on quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: End-stage renal disease is a major health challenge worldwide. Patients with this disease need to receive frequent hemodialysis. The disease and hemodialysis both negatively affect patients’ quality of life. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Benson’s relaxation technique on quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis.
Methods: A convenience sample of 60 patients receiving hemodialysis in Imam Reza Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran, was recruited to this clinical trial. Initially, patients’ quality of life was evaluated by a disease-specific questionnaire. Then, patients were randomly allocated to either the control or the treatment groups. Patients in the treatment group were trained to perform Benson’s relaxation technique at their home on a daily basis for 60 consecutive days. Patients in the control group received no relaxation intervention. Immediately after the study, the same questionnaire was used for reevaluating patients’ quality of life. The independent-samples t-test was used for data analysis.
Results: After the study, the mean scores of general and total quality of life were significantly higher than the corresponding pretest readings (p = 0.001 and 0.02, respectively). However, the mean score of specific quality of life did not change significantly after the study (p=0.2).
Conclusions: Benson’s relaxation technique has positive effects on quality of life among patients receiving hemodialysis and therefore, it can be used for enhancing patients’ quality of life in hemodialysis units.
Hemodialysis Quality of life,Benson’s relaxation technique
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