Blood contaminated needle stick/sharp injuries and exposure to patients’ body fluids in medical emergency students
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : March 30, 2010, 3 (2); e7120
April 30, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
August 27, 2016
March 30, 2010
H R, Baghcheghi
N. Blood contaminated needle stick/sharp injuries and exposure to patients’ body fluids in medical emergency students,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: Medical emergency students are subjected to the risk of occupational exposure to blood-borne viruses following
needle stick/sharp injuries (NSIs/SIs) and blood/body fluids exposures. The goal of this study was to determine the
frequency and the features of contaminated NSIs/SIs and blood/body fluids exposures among medical emergency students.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in Arak University of Medical Sciences in 2009. 52 medical
emergency students participated in the study. Data collection tool was a two-part researcher-made questionnaire. The first
part was related to individual and demographic characteristics and the second part was related to the frequency and causes
of blood contaminated needle stick/sharp injuries and blood/body fluids exposures and the performance of students during
the injury incidence.
Results: 32.7% and 13.46% of the subjects had experienced at least one contaminated NSI and blood/body fluids exposures
in the last term, respectively. Only 41/17 % and 16/66 % of the students who had experienced NSIs and blood/body fluids
reported all exposures, respectively. The most common procedure leading to these injuries was catheter insertion. The first
measure taken by most students following the injury was washing the site of injury.
Conclusion: The amount of NSIs and blood/body fluids exposure is high among medical emergency students and also their
performance after incidence is not appropriate. More educational programs should be planned and performed for medical
emergency students in order to increase their awareness about preventing these injuries and their resulting hazards and the
Needle Stick/Sharp Injury (NSIs/SIs), Medical Emergency Students
© 0, Critical Care Nursing. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.