Comparison of hospital anxiety and depression among patients with coronary artery disease based on proposed treatment
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : March 30, 2011,
4 (2); e7091
April 30, 2011
Article Type: Research Article
August 28, 2016
February 15, 2011
A , Feyzi
F , Asiabi
M , Moradian
S T . Comparison of hospital anxiety and depression among patients with coronary artery disease based on proposed treatment,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: Anxiety and depression have a high prevalence rate in patients with coronary artery disease, leading to reduced
treatment outcome in these patients. Therefore, the present study has been conduced to compare anxiety and depression
among patients with coronary artery disease based on proposed treatment.
Methods: Anxiety and depression were compared through a standardized hospital anxiety and depression questionnaire
(HADS) in 300 patients, in need of drug therapy, percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PCI), or coronary artery bypass
graft (CABG), admitted to male cardiac unit of internal medicine department of Jamaran hospital, Tehran, in 2010, for
coronary angiography. Data were analyzed by SPSS17 statistical software using ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, and chisquare.
Results: Incidence of depression was higher in patients candidate for CABG than the other two groups; likewise, level
of anxiety was more in those with PCI as well as CABG compare to drug treatment group (p<0.05). In total, 38 and
45.7 percent of patients underwent some degrees of depression and anxiety respectively.
Conclusion: Regarding high prevalence of anxiety and depression among patients with coronary heart disease and its
negative impact on treatment outcome, appropriate screening and therapeutic approaches have to be applied for this
group of patients.
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