The effect of the music listening and the intensive care unit visit program on the anxiety, stress and depression levels of the heart surgery patients candidates
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : May 24, 2006,
5 (3); e7060
April 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
August 24, 2016
April 23, 2012
M, Mehdipour Rabori
R. The effect of the music listening and the intensive care unit visit program on the anxiety, stress and depression levels of the heart surgery patients candidates,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: Heart surgery is an invasive procedure which results in more anxiety,
stress and some complication among the patients. Nurses should choose
measures to reduce anxiety and stress for these patients. Studies have suggested
that music can decrease anxiety in hospitalized patients. This study focused on
the music listening and intensive care unit (ICU) visits effects for the control
of anxiety, stress, and depression levels of patients who were candidates for
Methods: In a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design, 150 patients were
randomly assigned to either control or experimental groups. Experimental
groups received music listening or a visit from ICU program. Levels of
variables measured before and after interventions, by using the Depression,
Anxiety, and Stress Scale (DASS 21).
Results: The sample was consisted of 57% males and 43% females. Before
intervention there were no significance differences (p>0.05) of the scores
means of DAS-21. But, after interventions, the scores means of anxiety were
4.25 ± 2.60 (music group), 4.35 ± 2.91 (ICU visits), and 7.12 ± 3.45 (control
group). Also the scores means of stress were 8.94 ± 3.28, 8.673 ± 3.57, and
13.59 ± 4.32, respectively. Additionally, the scores means of depression in the
music group were 2.05 ± 1.87 and in the ICU visits group was 2.13 ± 1.28,
meanwhile it was 3.27 ± 2.65 at the control group.
Conclusions: Listening to music or ICU visits program may reduce the
anxiety, stress, and depression level of patients who undergoing to the heart
surgeries, therefore may be useful to use them as a nursing care intervention in
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