The gap between knowledge and practice in standard endo-tracheal suctioning of ICU nurses, Shahid Beheshti Hospital
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : May 24, 2006, 5 (2); e7051
April 30, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
August 24, 2016
March 10, 2012
A , Adib-Hajbagheri
M , Masoudi Alavi
N. The gap between knowledge and practice in standard endo-tracheal suctioning of ICU nurses, Shahid Beheshti Hospital,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: Endotracheal suctioning is a vital process to keep the airways open.
The method of performing endotracheal suctioning has a great effect on its
complications and effectiveness. This study was carried out with the aim of
assessing gap between the knowledge and performance of nurses' working in
intensive care units (ICU) in tracheal suctioning.
Methods: In this cross sectional study, knowledge and performance of 44
nurses working in three ICUs in Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan, Iran, was
analyzed in three areas of prior, during and post suctioning, using a 26 item
questionnaire and check list in 2010. kruskalwallis test, spearman correlation
coefficient and SPSS14 software were used for data analysis.
Results: In the 8 items in question of prior suction the average score for
knowledge and performance were 5.4 (±1.12) and 0.81 (±0.71) respectively
and in the analysis of ten items during suction an average score of 7.7
(±1.09) and 4.6 (±0.75) were obtained for knowledge and performance
respectively. In 8 items of post suction the average score of knowledge was
6.47 (±0.69) and that of performance was 3.86. In general, from 26 possible
points, the average score of knowledge and performance were 19.59 and
8.75 respectively. The type of ICU and nurses' working experience were not
significantly related to their knowledge and performance.
Conclusion: This study revealed that despite acceptable knowledge, nurses'
performance in endotracheal suctioning is poor. This shows that education
alone is not sufficient for observance of the standards.
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