Applying the instruction of pain control and sedation of the patients hospitalized in intensive care unit
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : September 26, 2013, 6 (4); e7024
October 30, 2013
Article Type: Research Article
August 22, 2016
September 30, 2013
A A, Borhani
H, Khodadadi Hoseini
B M, et al. Applying the instruction of pain control and sedation of the patients hospitalized in intensive care unit,
Crit Care Nurs J.
ts hospitalized in this ward. Using pain instructions can have positive effects in reducing pain experience of patients hospitalized in ICU. The present study was done with the aim of “investigating the effect of applying the instructions of pain control and sedation of the patients hospitalized in intensive care unit” .
Methods: In a quasi-experimental study in Khatamolanbia hospital of Zahedan in 2012, we surveyed 80 critically ill patients who were under mechanical ventilation. We randomly assigned patients in two control and intervention groups. In intervention group, patients’ pain control and sedation were performed by using pain and sedation instruction. In control group, patients received usual, none protocol pain control and sedation. Behavioral pain scale (BPS) and Richmond Agitation Sedation Scale (RASS) were used for data collection. Data were analyzed by SPSS18 software and by using descriptive and inferential statistical tests.
Results: There wasn’t any significant difference in terms of age and sex between two groups (p<0.264). Level of patients’ pain in intervention group (instruction group) was significantly lower in compare with patients in control group (p<0.000). Also, level of patients’ sedation in intervention group was near to ideal sedation of Richmond in compare with patients in control group. There was statistical significant difference in sedation level of patients between the two groups (p=0.005).
Conclusions: Many patients in ICU experience pain as an unpleasant experience. Results of the present study showed that using pain control and sedation can improve pain control and also better sedation remarkably in patients hospitalized in ICU.
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