The effect of foot massage on quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in CCU
Journal of Critical Care Nursing : April 25, 2016, 7 (2); e6923
July 01, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
May 09, 2016
June 09, 2014
K , Abdi
A , Homayonfar
S , Karampourian
A . The effect of foot massage on quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in CCU,
Crit Care Nurs J.
Aims: Poor quality of sleep is the predictor of adverse outcomes in ischemic heart disease patients. Nursing measures have been important for improvement of quality of sleep in these patients and these measures are effective in reducing their mortality rate .The purpose of this study is determining “the effect of foot massage on quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in CCU”. Methods: It was a clinical trial study which was done in 2013. In this study 60 patients with ischemic heart disease were selected through convenient sampling and they were randomly divided into two experimental (n=30) and control (n=30) groups. In experimental group, foot massage was performed 20 minutes for each patient in two consecutive nights and control group was under usual care. Data collection tools included; demographic questionnaire and St. Mary's Hospital Sleep Questionnaire (SMHSQ). Data analysis was done by using descriptive and inferential statistical tests (chi-square, independent t-test, Paired t-test) through using SPSS16 software. Results: Results showed that there is a significant difference between the scores mean of quality of sleep before and after foot massage in experimental group (p=0.002). But there was no significant difference between the scores mean of quality of sleep before and after receiving usual care in control group (p= 0.964). There was no significant difference between the scores mean of quality of sleep in the two experimental and control groups before foot massage (p=0.64). But there was significant difference after the intervention (p= 0.01).
Conclusions: Foot massage improves sleep quality in heart patients and considering low cost, lack of complications and easy procedure of this method; it is recommended for improvement of sleep quality in patients with ischemic heart disease.
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