Critical Care Nursing

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Benson Relaxation on the Anxiety of Patients under Radial Angiography: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Yasser Moazami Goudarzi 1 , Fataneh Ghadirian 2 , * , Amir Vahedian 1 and Amir Pishgoo 3
Authors Information
1 Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Psychiatric Nursing Department, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Baqiyatallah Hospital, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Critical Care Nursing: February 2018, 11 (1); e65623
  • Published Online: February 26, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: December 27, 2017
  • Revised: January 20, 2018
  • Accepted: February 18, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/ccn.65623

To Cite: Moazami Goudarzi Y, Ghadirian F, Vahedian A, Pishgoo A. The Effect of Benson Relaxation on the Anxiety of Patients under Radial Angiography: A Randomized Clinical Trial, Crit Care Nurs J. 2018 ; 11(1):e65623. doi: 10.5812/ccn.65623.

Copyright © 2018, Critical Care Nursing. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Tahmasebi H, Darvishkhezri H, Abdi H, Abbasi A, Asghari N. The effect of benson relaxation and aromatherapy on anxiety and physiological indicators in patients undergoing coronary angiography. J Nurs Midwifery Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2015;12(12):1094-103. Persian.
  • 2. Zhang WJ, Yan JC, Wang ZQ. Application of the interventional limb raising management strategy (ILRMS) at radial vascular access sites in coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention: A randomized trial. Int J Nurs Sci. 2016;3(1):54-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnss.2016.02.005.
  • 3. Rajai N, Choopani N, Pishgouyi SAH, Sharififar S. The effect of acupressure on anxiety of patients candidate for coronary angiography. Mil Caring Sci. 2015;2(1):6-13. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.mcs.2.1.6.
  • 4. Ho HH, Jafary FH, Ong PJ. Radial artery spasm during transradial cardiac catheterization and percutaneous coronary intervention: incidence, predisposing factors, prevention, and management. Cardiovasc Revasc Med. 2012;13(3):193-5. doi: 10.1016/j.carrev.2011.11.003. [PubMed: 22226169].
  • 5. Satheesh S, Subramanian A. How to do radial coronary angiogram? Indian Heart J. 2015;67(2):170-4. doi: 10.1016/j.ihj.2015.04.009. [PubMed: 26071302].
  • 6. Torabi M, Salavati M, Ghahri Sarabi AR. Effect of foot reflexology massage and benson relaxation techniques on anxiety and physiological indexes of patients undergoing coronary heart angiography. Sci J Hamadan Nurs Midwifery Facul. 2012;20(1):63-73.
  • 7. Atik D, Atik C, Karatepe H, Karatepe C, Cinar S. The effect on anxiety level of coronary angiographic result and the perception of pain. Int J Res Med Sci. 2015;3(2):391. doi: 10.5455/2320-6012.ijrms20150202.
  • 8. Conway A. Anxiety score as a risk factor for radial artery vasospasm during radial interventions: a pilot study. Angiology. 2014;65(1):71-2. doi: 10.1177/0003319713505896. [PubMed: 24101709].
  • 9. Astarcioglu MA, Sen T, Kilit C, Durmus HI, Gozubuyuk G, Agus HZ, et al. Procedural sedation during transradial coronary angiography to prevent spasm. Herz. 2016;41(5):435-8. doi: 10.1007/s00059-015-4373-5. [PubMed: 26598418].
  • 10. Ruiz-Salmeron RJ, Mora R, Masotti M, Betriu A. Assessment of the efficacy of phentolamine to prevent radial artery spasm during cardiac catheterization procedures: a randomized study comparing phentolamine vs. verapamil. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2005;66(2):192-8. doi: 10.1002/ccd.20434. [PubMed: 15977263].
  • 11. Ercan S, Unal A, Altunbas G, Kaya H, Davutoglu V, Yuce M, et al. Anxiety score as a risk factor for radial artery vasospasm during radial interventions: a pilot study. Angiology. 2014;65(1):67-70. doi: 10.1177/0003319713488931. [PubMed: 23657175].
  • 12. Chen CW, Lin CL, Lin TK, Lin CD. A simple and effective regimen for prevention of radial artery spasm during coronary catheterization. Cardiology. 2006;105(1):43-7. doi: 10.1159/000089246. [PubMed: 16254422].
  • 13. Arami S, Kazemi M, Esmaeili‑Nadimi A. Comparing the effect of acupressure points shenmen (HE7) with a third eye on anxiety in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Med Surg Nurs J. 2015;4:41-6. Persian.
  • 14. Tahmasebi H, Hasani S. The comparing the effect of aroma inhalation lavendola and benson relaxation on condition of the vital sign patients experiencing coronary angiography. J Nurs Midwifery Urmia Univ Med Sci. 2016;14(8):682-91. Persian.
  • 15. Hanifie N, Ahmadi F, Memaryan R, Mohamad khani A. Comparison of the effect of Benson relaxation and premedication on the hemodynamic conditions of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Daneshvar Medical. 1383;12(53):49-57. Persian.
  • 16. Malmir M, Teimouri F, Pishgooie A, Dabaghi P. ‎The Role of Benson´s relaxation on reducing state anxiety on candidate of open heart surgery patient’s ‏. Mil Caring Sci. 2015;2(3):182-90. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.mcs.2.3.182.
  • 17. Poorolajal J, Ashtarani F, Alimohammadi N. Effect of Benson relaxation technique on the preoperative anxiety and hemodynamic status: A single blind randomized clinical trial. Artery Res. 2017;17:33-8. doi: 10.1016/j.artres.2017.01.002.
  • 18. Tahmasbi H, Hasani S. Effect of Benson’s relaxation technique on the anxiety of patients undergoing coronary angiography: A randomized control trial. J Nurs Midwifery Sci. 2016;3(1):8-14. doi: 10.18869/acadpub.jnms.3.1.8.
  • 19. Steinberg DH. Managing complications of transradial catheterization. Cardiac Interventions Today. 2015, [cited April 23]. Available from:

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments