Critical Care Nursing

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Foot Reflexology Massage and Foot Bath on the Sleep Quality of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Comparative Study

Mehdi Naseri 1 , Ali Rahmani 1 , * , Batool Nerir 1 , Mehdi Salari 1 and Maryam Moshkani Farahani 2
Authors Information
1 Nursing Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2 Atherosclerosis Research Center and Cardiology Department, Medical Faculty, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Journal of Critical Care Nursing : November 2016, 9 (4); e10294
  • Published Online: November 26, 2016
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: October 1, 2016
  • Accepted: November 15, 2016
  • DOI: 10.17795/ccn-10294

To Cite: Naseri M, Rahmani A, Nerir B, Salari M, Moshkani Farahani M. Effect of Foot Reflexology Massage and Foot Bath on the Sleep Quality of Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Comparative Study, Crit Care Nurs J. 2016 ; 9(4):e10294. doi: 10.17795/ccn-10294.

Copyright © 2016, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Potluri R, Chandran S, Uppal H. 2 out of hour and weekend admission to hospital with acute coronary syndrome confers poorer mortality and longer length of hospital stay: Abstract 2 table 1. Heart. 2015; 101[DOI]
  • 2. Meier P, Lansky AJ, Baumbach A. Almanac 2013: acute coronary syndromes. Heart. 2013; 99(20): 1488-93[DOI]
  • 3. Ghorbani MYM, Fotouhi A, Zeraati H, Sadeghian S, Rashidi Y. The relationship between exposure to air pollution and acute syndrome of heart attacks in Heart Hospital of Tehran's by case-cross method [In Persian]. Epidemiol J Iran. 2007; 3(1): 53-9
  • 4. Norouzzadeh R, Heidari M. Predicting the risk of acute coronary syndrome in the elderly based on reported symptoms [In Persian]. Feyz J Kashan Uni Med Sci. 2013; 16(6): 553-9
  • 5. Nehrir B, Rahmani R, Sadeghi M, Ebadi A, Babatabar Darzi H, Sadeghi Shermeh M. Quality of life of coronary artery disease patients treated with drug and surgical methods [In Persian]. Nurs Crit Care Nurs. 2009; 2(2): 67-70
  • 6. Oshvandi K, Abdi S, Karampourian A, Moghimbaghi A, Homayonfar S. The effect of foot massage on quality of sleep in ischemic heart disease patients hospitalized in CCU [In Persian]. Iran J Crit Care Nurs. 2014; 7(2): 66-73
  • 7. Schiza SE, Simantirakis E, Bouloukaki I, Mermigkis C, Arfanakis D, Chrysostomakis S, et al. Sleep patterns in patients with acute coronary syndromes. Sleep Med. 2010; 11(2): 149-53[DOI][PubMed]
  • 8. Zolfaghari M,, Farokhnezhad Afsahr P, Asadi Noghab AA, Ajri Khameslou M. Modification of environmental factors on quality of sleep among patients admitted to CCU [In Persian]. J Hayat. 2013; 18(4): 61-8
  • 9. Bagheri Nesami M, Heydari Gorji. M. A. , Rezaie S, Pouresmail Z, Yazdani Chorati J. The effect of acupressure on the quality of sleep in patients with acute coronary syndrome in ccu [In Persian]. Iran J Crit Care Nurs. 2014; 4(1): 7-14
  • 10. Javan A.B KS, Mohebbi S. compared The prevalence of sleep disorders in patients with acute myocardial infarction with healthy partners [In Persian]. Armaghan Danesh J. 2007; 12(3): 80-6
  • 11. Moradi M, Mehrdad N, Nikpour S, Haghani H, Sharifi F. Sleep and health related quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure [In Persian]. Iran J Nurs Res. 2013; 8(29): 19-25
  • 12. Neiseh F, Daneshmandi M, Sadeghi Shermeh M, Ebadi A. The Effects of Ear and eye Protect Device Application on Quality of Sleep of CCU patients with acute coronary syndrome (hospital military) [In Persian]. J Mil Psychol. 2011; 2(5): 67-80
  • 13. Chen HM, Clark AP, Tsai LM, Chao YF. Self-reported sleep disturbance of patients with heart failure in Taiwan. Nurs Res. 2009; 58(1): 63-71[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Mardasi F, Najar S, Haghighizadeh MH. The effect of foot massage on sleep disorders among mothers in postpartum period [In Persian]. IJOGI. 2013; 16(73): 19-28
  • 15. Behrouzifar S, Zonouzi S, Nezafati M, Esmaeili H. The relationship between sleep patterns and the quality of life in coronary artery bypass graft patients [In Persian]. J Sabzevar Uni Med Sci. 2007; 14(1): 53-61
  • 16. Babaee S, Shafiei Z, Sadeghi MM, Nik AY, Valiani M. Effectiveness of massage therapy on the mood of patients after open-heart surgery. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2012; 17(2 Suppl 1)-4[PubMed]
  • 17. Setayeshvali Pour N, Kheirkhah M, Neisani L, Haghani H. Comparison of the effects of aromatherapy with essential oils of damask rose and hot footbath on the first stage of labor anxiety in Nulliparous women. Complement Med J Fcac Nurs Midwifery. 2012; 2(2): 1-9
  • 18. Hulme J, Waterman H, Hillier VF. The effect of foot massage on patients' perception of care following laparoscopic sterilization as day case patients. J Adv Nurs. 1999; 30(2): 460-8[PubMed]
  • 19. Shaban M, Haj Amiry P, Mehran A, Kahrary S. Evaluation of immediate effect of foot massage on patient's vital signs in a general intensive care unit [In Persian]. Hayat. 2004; 10(1): 71-9
  • 20. Sadeghi SM, Bozorgzad P, Ghafourian A, Ebadi A, Razmjouei N Afzali M. Effect of foot reflexology on sternotomy pain after Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery [In Persian]. Iran J Crit Care Nurs . 2009; 2(2): 51-4
  • 21. Cutshall SM, Wentworth LJ, Engen D, Sundt TM, Kelly RF, Bauer BA. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension in cardiac surgical patients: a pilot study. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2010; 16(2): 92-5[DOI][PubMed]
  • 22. Hosseinabadi R, Norouzi K, Pouresmaeil Z, Karimlou M, Sadat MS. Acupoint massage in improving sleep quality of older adults [In Persian]. J Reha. 2008; 9(2): 8-14
  • 23. Namba S, Shimoyama I, Kiguchi T. Chiba medical journal open access paper: Effects of foot baths on sleep in icu patients. Chiba Med J. 2012; 88(6): 59-64
  • 24. Liao WC, Chiu MJ, Landis CA. A warm footbath before bedtime and sleep in older Taiwanese with sleep disturbance. Res Nurs Health. 2008; 31(5): 514-28[DOI][PubMed]
  • 25. Sung EJ, Tochihara Y. Effects of bathing and hot footbath on sleep in winter. J Physiol Anthropol Appl Human Sci. 2000; 19(1): 21-7[DOI]
  • 26. Arab M, Mashayekhi F, Ranjbar H, Abazari F, Dortaj E. Comparing the effects of using Earplugs and eye masks on sleep quality of patients in coronary care unit (CCU). Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2013; : 143-9
  • 27. Koo YJ, Koh HJ. Effects of eye protective device and ear protective device application on sleep disorder with coronary disease patients in ccu. J Korean Acad Nurs. 2008; 38(4): 582[DOI]
  • 28. Taghipour B, Nia HS, Soleimani MA, Hekmat Afshar M, Shahidi Far S. Comparison of the clinical symptoms of myocardial infarction in the middle-aged and elderly. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014; 18(5): 281-9
  • 29. Ariya Manesh F, Malekshahi F, Safari M. The effect of foot massage on sleep quality of hemodialysis patients [In persion]. 2015; 17(1): 71-7
  • 30. Asltoghiri M, Ghodsi Z. The effects of Reflexology on sleep disorder in menopausal women. Procedia Soc Behav Sci. 2012; 31: 242-6[DOI]
  • 31. Kashani F, Kashani P. The effect of massage therapy on the quality of sleep in breast cancer patients. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2014; 19(2): 113-8[PubMed]
  • 32. Oliveira D, Hachul H, Tufik S, Bittencourt L. Effect of massage in postmenopausal women with insomnia: a pilot study. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2011; 66(2): 343-6[DOI][PubMed]
  • 33. Williams TI. Evaluating effects of aromatherapy massage on sleep in children with autism: a pilot study. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2006; 3(3): 373-7[DOI][PubMed]
  • 34. Jane SW, Chen SL, Wilkie DJ, Lin YC, Foreman SW, Beaton RD, et al. Effects of massage on pain, mood status, relaxation, and sleep in Taiwanese patients with metastatic bone pain: a randomized clinical trial. Pain. 2011; 152(10): 2432-42[DOI][PubMed]
  • 35. Yang HL, Chen XP, Lee KC, Fang FF, Chao YF. The effects of warm-water footbath on relieving fatigue and insomnia of the gynecologic cancer patients on chemotherapy. Cancer Nurs. 2010; 33(6): 454-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 36. Liao WC, Wang L, Kuo CP, Lo C, Chiu MJ, Ting H. Effect of a warm footbath before bedtime on body temperature and sleep in older adults with good and poor sleep: an experimental crossover trial. Int J Nurs Stud. 2013; 50(12): 1607-16[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments